Just follow these steps and the publication of your thesis will be a breeze.
Finally! You’ve finalized the last attempt or conducted the last interview for your survey. Now it’s about putting the results on paper. But what is the best way to do it? What do you have to pay attention to if you want to publish a work?
In the beginning, it makes sense to pause and think about what you really want to communicate to the scientific community. What is the most important part of the work? What should the reader absolutely take home, what should stay in the reader’s mind? For a scientific report, a study or a series of experiments, the answer to this question can only be: the progress of knowledge, the newly discovered, the unexpected result. So here we are talking about the part of the manuscript with the results.
Not only does this part contain the most important things, it also represents that part of the project or study that has taken you the most time, energy, despair, frustration, and maybe even tears. Your work and dedication deserve to be considered the most important part of the manuscript.
Tip # 1: Start with the results!
Of course, you hope that many scientists will read your manuscript after publication. But who will read it first? Sure, your fellow students and your supervisor will have read it and made suggestions for improvement. However, these people are clearly familiar with the content and will often read what they want to read rather than the gaze of a critical outsider.
If you send your manuscript to a peer-reviewed journal or publisher, the first reader will be the editor of that journal. But the editor is someone who does not know your work and did not accompany it from the beginning. Naturally, he first reads the title and the abstract and makes a picture on this basis. If he is convinced that your results will be within the journal subject area. If the publisher is in possession of the publisher, he will also select an expert and send your manuscript to him. Based on the information in the title and in the abstract, the reviewers decide whether or not they will review the manuscript.
Tip # 2: Do not write the title and the summary until the end.
They are the calling card of a scientific manuscript and must be well thought out.
By the way, where do you think the reviewers will start with your manuscript? Probably not with your long-considered introduction, but with the results section and above all with the illustrations and tables!
Tip # 3: Make sure the illustrations and tables are clear and concise
That’s how you get to tell the story of the manuscript without having to read the text. It is also very important that all controls are present, that the chart axes are labeled, that the units are present and correct, and that the mappings are consistent (that is, the same size, units, scales, abbreviations, etc.).
Tip # 4: Question your test series!
The previous paragraph brings us to tip four. As I have said, you must check illustrations and tables for scientific correctness. If you do not do that until you’re done with the practical or experimental part, it’s difficult to go back to the lab or field to catch up on missing control or time series. Writing a manuscript starts with the planning and execution of the experiments, surveys or research. Tip four is: ask yourself again and again, whether a series of experiments is complete. What could be criticized? What could be improved? What will someone think who sees the experiment or the record for the first time? It is much better to ask such questions at an early stage of practical work. Of course you will not be able to prepare everything ready for publication in advance, but anything that can be done in the same way with the other experiments will save you time and effort and will certainly lead to a more solid manuscript. The summary, introduction and discussion have one thing in common: they compare their own work, their own thoughts with those of others. Describe what has already been done in this area, what distinguishes your own work and what you have found. However, words and phrases from other authors may not be used, otherwise you will plagiarism. You already know that, but do you also know how to proceed best so that you do not make plagiarism?
Tip # 5: Read works that you want to quote, and then put them aside.
Immediately afterwards you write in your own words the most important or the most relevant for you. Then compare your formulations with the original. Do you use the same words in some places, looking for alternatives. If you have to use a word, because it is a technical term and there is no alternative, pay attention to a sentence formulation different from the original one. By the way, your efforts to avoid plagiarism will increase the quality of the manuscript: the quality and content of the language varies from author to author and therefore easy to distinguish.